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plagiarism - from Latin plagiarus (kidnapper); taking else's info and presenting it as one's own  

  • type of intellectual theft because it's taking someone else's ideas without their permission
  • type of fraud because it's also passing off someone else's ideas as your own

unintentional plagiarism  

  • using author's exact wording without crediting them
  • forgetting to credit authors
  • copying the syntax (sentence structure) of another author

forms of plagiarizing - the following would be okay if you gave credit to the original author  

  • copying and pasting from the internet
  • using specific facts and statistics
  • repeating someone else's choice of wording
  • using someone else's sentence structure
  • replacing certain words in a sentence with synonyms and then calling it your own
  • using four or more words from the original source
  • using a term invented by another author
  • using someone else's opinions and way of thinking on a certain topic

Occasions when documentation of sources is not needed  

  • using a well-known quote
  • using a well-known proverb
  • using a well-known fact
  • using information available in a lot of sources
  • information that you already know
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