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Mongol Eurasia and Its Aftermath, 1200-1500 Flashcards

Adapted from "The Earth and its Peoples: A Global History," 5th ed., Chapter 12

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292008736Mongolsa nomadic people of northern Eurasia1
292008737Genghis Khanthe title of Temüjin when he ruled the Mongols; founder of the Mongol Empire2
292008738nomadisma way of life, forced by scarcity of resources, in which groups of people continually migrate to find pastures and water3
292008739Yuan Empireempire created in China and Siberia by Khubilai Khan4
292008740bubonic plaguea bacterial disease of fleas that can be transmitted by flea bites to rodents and humans5
292008741Il-Khana "secondary" or "peripheral" khan based in Persia6
292008742Golden HordeMongol khanate founded by Genghis Khan's grandson, Batu; based in Southern Russia, quickly adapted Turkic language and Islam7
292008743Timurmember of a prominent family of the Mongols' Jagadai Khanate; gained much control over Central Asia and Iran8
292008744Rashid al-Dinadviser to the Il-Khan ruler Ghazan, who converted to Islam on Rashid's advice9
292008745Nasir al-Din TusiPersian mathematician and cosmologist whose academy near Tabriz provided the model for the movement of the planets that helped to inspire the Copernican model of the solar system10
292008746Alexander Nevskiiprince of Novgorod, 1236-1263. Submitted to invasion of Mongol hordes in 1240 and subsequently received recognition as the leader of the Russian princes under the Golden Horde11
292008747tsarfrom Latin "caesar," this Russian title for a monarch was first used in reference to a Russian ruler by Ivan III12
292008748Ottoman EmpireIslamic state founded by Osman in northwestern Anatolia, ca. 1300. Based in Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) following fall of the Byzantine Empire. Encompassed lands in Asia Minor, North Africa, the Caucasus, and Eastern Europe13
292008749Khubilai Khanlast of the Mongol Great Khans, founder of Yuan Empire14
292008750lamain Tibetan Buddhism, a teacher15
292008751BeijingChina's northern capital, first used as an imperial capital in 906 and now the current capital of the People's Republic of China16
292008752Ming Empireempire based in China that Zhu Yuanzhang established after the overthrow of the Yuan Empire17
292008753Yonglethe third emperor of the Ming Empire18
292008754Zheng Hean imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa19
292008755Yithe Yi dynasty ruled Korea from the fall of the Koryo kingdom to the colonization of Korea by Japan20
292008756kamikazethe "divine wind," which the Japanese credited with blowing Mongol invaders away from their shores in 128121
292008757Ashikaga Shogunatethe second of Japan's military governments headed by a shogun (military ruler.) Sometimes also called the Muromachi Shogunate22

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