Trig. Form Of Complex Numbers:
In the complex number a + bi, where a is the real part and b is the imaginary part. ( both a and b are real numbers) The complex number can be graphed in the complex plane, which is similar to the rectangular plane, the real part are the points along the x-axis and the imaginary part are the points along the y-axis.
Complex numbers are the ordered pair (a , b).
With this, complex numbers can be treated in polar and rectangular coordinates.
Complex numbers can also be converted to vectors. Just let the complex number equal a vector variable, and the complex number can be manipulated in many different ways.
z = a + b i
From trig. identities:
a = r cos q
b = r sin q
z = r ( cos q + i sin q )
cos q + i sin q is abbreviated as cis q .
Thus, z = r cis q .
Addition of complex numbers using vectors:
s = 2 + 3i
t = -5 + 2i
s + t = (2 + 3i) + ( -5 + 2i) = -3 + 5i
Multiplication of complex numbers in trig. form:
(r cis q)(s cis j) = rs cis ( q + j )
Reciprocal of complex numbers in trig. form:
(r cis q)-1= r-1 cis (-q)
for any integer n then;
for k = 0,1,2,3,4, . . . , n - 1