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Modern Chemistry (Holt, Rinehart, and Winston): Chapter 4 and 5

Taken from the book Modern Chemistry by Holt, Rinehart, and Winston on Chapters 4 and 5, which deals with electrons and the periodic table. Includes the chapter vocabulary and a few other useful things.

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A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels through space (3.00x10⁸ m/s)
Combination of all the forms of electromagnetic radiation.
Distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves. Measure in some type of meters (m).
Number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time, usually one second. Measured in Hertz.
One wave per second.
Emission of electrons from a metal when light shines on a metal.
Minimum quantity of energy that can be lost or gained by an atom.
Particle of electromagnetic radiation having zero mass and carrying a quantum of energy.
Lowest energy state of an atom.
State in which an atom has a higher potential energy than it has in it's ground state.
States that it is impossible to determine simultaneously both the position and velocity of an electron or any other particle.
Describes mathematically the wave properties of electrons and other very small particles.
A 3D region around the nucleus that indicates the probable location of an electron.
Specify the properties of atomic orbitals and the properties of electrons in orbitals.
Denotes the energy level (1, 2, 3, etc.)
The suborbitals of an atom. (S, P, D, F)
Which suborbital. (Py, Px, Pz)
Which way it spins. (up or down)
The arrangement of electrons in an atom
The Group 18 elements (helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon)
An outer main energy level occupied, in most cases, by 8 electrons
Electrons fill from lowest energy to highest.
each orbital within a given sublevel gets one electron and then and only then can they have seconds.
within one orbital, one electron spins up and one spins down.
electrons travel in orbits (energy levels)
everything has a wavelength
made wave equation for deBroglie's statement (mass is relative to wavelength)
photoelectric effect
diffraction (bending of waves) and interference (combination of waves that either cancels out or strengthens the wave).
the light that something emits
individual to every substance; used to identify elements
electrons jumping from one energy level to another and then back
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers.
An arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers so that the elements with similar properties fall in the same column or group.
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 58-71.
The 14 elements with the atomic numbers 90-103.
The elements of group 1 of the periodic table.
The elements of group 2 of the periodic table.
The d-block elements are metals with typical metallic properties.
The p-block elements together with the s-block elements.
The elements of group 17 of the periodic table.
1/2 the distance between the nuclei of identical atoms that are bonded together.
An atom or group of bonded atoms that has a positive or negative charge.
Any process that results in the formation of an ion.
The energy required to remove one electron from a neutral atom of an element.
The energy change that occurs when an electron is acquired by a neutral atom.
A positive ion.
A negative ion.
The electrons available to be lost, gained, or shared in the formation of chemical compounds.
A measure of the ability of an atom in a chemical compound to attract electrons from another atom in the compound.

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