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Title : AP World History Test 13
Term Count : 96
Terms : Hide Images
359644984Ideologically, the two competing sides in the cold war were A) socialism and communism. B) communism and fascism. C) capitalism and communism. D) republican and democrat. E) fascism and capitalism.C1
359644985The globalization of the policy of U.S. cold war policy of containment occurred as a result of A) the Berlin airlift. B) the Korean War. C) the Cuban Missile Crisis. D) the Vietnam War. E) the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.B2
359644986Which event was the closest that the Soviet Union and the United States came to nuclear war? A) Berlin Blockade B) Korean War C) Bay of Pigs Invasion D) Cuban Missile Crisis E) the Soviet invasion of AfghanistanD3
359644987Betty Friedan, in her book The Feminine Mystique, wrote about A) the spectacular advances that American women had made in the years after World War II. B) how unhappy middle class American housewives were. C) the greater education and employment freedoms that Russian women had over U.S. women. D) the subtle transformation of the rights of women in the Islamic world. E) the controversial topic of female sexuality.B4
359644988In 1954, segregation in U.S. schools was declared illegal in A) King Jr. v. Mobile Board of Education. B) Parks v. Memphis School System. C) Bentley v. Ziegler. D) Brown v. Board of Education. E) Marbury v. Madison.D5
359644989Alexander Dubcek's Prague Spring A) was a literary account of his years in a Soviet labor camp. B) promised liberalization and "socialism with a human face." C) was a pejorative term for his ruthless crackdown on anticommunists. D) inspired Czechoslovakia to switch to communism. E) was a controversial musical piece that expressed the freedom in eastern Europe in the late 1960s.B6
359644990The Brezhnev Doctrine A) called for economic and political liberalization in eastern Europe. B) was a policy of containment to stop the spread of communism. C) offered billions of dollars in aid to combat the spread of capitalism. D) reserved the right of the Soviet Union to invade any socialist country that was deemed to be threatened by forces hostile to socialism. E) forbade changes in the basic communist economic structure but allowed for some local political freedom.D7
359644991The policy of détente means A) a reduction in hostility between nations. B) a gradual increase in hostility between nations as one power tries to force the other to bend to its will. C) an economic program between two powers designed to create a trading bloc. D) a commitment to allowing the international body of the United Nations to lead the world community. E) a French plan to greatly increase their arsenal of nuclear weapons.A8
359644992Which of the following statements reflects the relationship between the Soviet Union and eastern Europe at the end of World War II? A) The Soviet Union was widely hated because of its attempts in the interwar era to conquer the region. B) The Soviet Union had the least developed economy in the region. C) The Soviet Union guaranteed the political independence of the region. D) The Soviet Union pushed for the establishment of free market states. E) The Soviet Union had a very good reputation because of its role in defeating the Nazis.B9
359644993The Russian leader who brought massive reform to the Soviet Union beginning in 1985 was A) Boris Yeltsin. B) Mikhail Gorbachev. C) Leonid Brezhnev. D) Nikita Khrushchev. E) Vladimir Putin.B10
359644994Solidarity was A) a combined trade union and democratic movement in Poland. B) the call for reunification of Germany. C) the appeal that East German leader Erich Honecker made for the communist world to stay united. D) one of the new ideological phrases made popular by Mikhail Gorbachev. E) the philosophy that a united capitalist world was destined to destroy communism.A11
359644995The goal of Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms was to A) dismantle the Soviet economic and political system. B) emulate the economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping. C) implement the Brezhnev Doctrine. D) rescue the existing Soviet political and economic system. E) end the arms race.D12
359644996The first of the Soviet republics to declare independence was/were A) the Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania. B) Belarus. C) Kazakhstan. D) Georgia. E) Armenia.A13
359644997On 30 January 1948, Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated by a(n) A) agent of the Soviet Union. B) renegade Sikh militant. C) CIA agent. D) Hindu extremist. E) Islamic terrorist.D14
359644998Who said, "The only solution to India's problems is Pakistan"? A) Mohandas Gandhi B) Winston Churchill C) Jawaharlal Nehru D) Harry Truman E) Muhammad Ali JinnahE15
359644999In 1946, six thousand people died in the Great Calcutta Killing in a confrontation between A) Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. B) Hindus and Muslims. C) Americans and Russians. D) North Vietnamese and South Vietnamese. E) communists and fascists.B16
359645000War broke out between India and Pakistan in 1947 over A) Indian nuclear testing. B) Pakistan's new alliance with the Soviet Union. C) the fate of Bangladesh. D) who would control the Ganges River. E) the province of Kashmir.E17
359645001In regard to international affairs, Nehru A) strongly supported the Americans. B) changed sides depending on who gave him the best deal. C) would only align with nations willing to declare war on Pakistan. D) strongly supported the Soviets. E) was one of the leaders of the nonaligned movement.E18
359645002The nationalist and communist leader of North Vietnam following World War II was A) Syngman Rhee. B) Ho Chi Minh. C) Ngo Dinh Diem. D) Vo Nguyen Giap. E) Mobutu Sese Seko.B19
359645003The European country that served as the mandate power in Palestine after World War I was A) France. B) Germany. C) Russia. D) Italy. E) Great Britain.B20
359645004In the Balfour Declaration of 1917, A) the United States agreed to enter World War I. B) Korea was divided along the 38th parallel. C) the Irish officially stated that they couldn't support the British in the war effort. D) the British government committed itself to supporting a Jewish homeland in Palestine. E) the Russians officially surrendered to the Germans and pulled out of World War I.D21
359645005In 1947, the United Nations proposed that Palestine should A) be a Jewish state. B) be returned to Ottoman control. C) be divided into Jewish and Arab halves. D) be an Arab state. E) remain under the auspices of the UN until an acceptable peace could be reached.A22
359645006Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of perestroika referred to A) openness B) "the great leap forward." C) decentralizing the economy. D) de-communism. E) reeducation.C23
359645007Gamal Abdel Nasser's internationalist position during the Cold War was most similar to that of A) Jawaharlal Nehru. B) Ho Chi Minh. C) Syngman Rhee. D) Mohandas Gandhi. E) Nikita Khrushchev.E24
359645008The English and French were forced to withdraw from controlling the Suez Canal during the crisis in 1956 because A) the Egyptians under Gamal Abdel Nasser drove them out. B) the Soviets used the threat of nuclear war to force them out. C) of the threat posed by a rebuilding Germany back home. D) the United States condemned the attack and forced them to withdraw. E) the Anglo-French alliance fell apart due to an old dispute between the two traditional enemies.D25
359645009The leader of the first sub-Saharan African nation to gain independence, and the most important nationalist leader in Africa during the 1960s, was A) Kwame Nkrumah. B) Jomo Kenyatta. C) Marcus Garvey. D) Bernard Dadié. E) Frantz Fanon.A26
359645010The Great Leap Forward led to A) the rapid industrialization of China. B) the introduction of free market reforms. C) the privatization of farms in China. D) deadly famines. E) a drastic increase in literacy among Chinese peasants.D27
359645011Deng Xiaoping A) masterminded the Great Leap Forward. B) was the driving force behind the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. C) was the leader of Taiwan who helped bring about tremendous economic expansion. D) fled to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War. E) brought free market reforms to China.E28
359645012The Indian leader who attempted to control the massive population growth in India by ordering involuntary sterilization was A) Rajiv Gandhi. B) Mohandas Gandhi. C) Kwame Nkrumah. D) Indira Gandhi. E) Jawaharlal Nehru.D29
359645013The desire for the reassertion of Islamic values in Muslim politics was at the heart of A) secularization. B) Israel's foreign philosophy. C) American foreign policy. D) the Iran-Iraq War. E) Islamism.E30
359645014The U.S.-backed government of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in Iran was overthrown in 1979 by A) Mobutu Sese Seko. B) Ayatollah Khomeini. C) Yasser Arafat. D) Saddam Hussein. E) Hosni Mubarek.B31
359645015From 1980 through 1988, Iran was involved in a bloody war with A) Israel. B) the Soviet Union. C) Pakistan. D) Afghanistan. E) Iraq.E32
359645016Which Latin American country did the Institutional Revolutionary Party rule for nearly all of the twentieth century? A) the Soviet Union B) India C) Argentina D) Mexico E) ChinaC33
359645017The postcolonial situation wherein national boundaries were artificial conveniences that did not correspond to economic or ethnic divisions was most common in A) Africa. B) eastern Europe. C) southeast Asia. D) North America. E) Latin America.A34
359645018In 1948, the system of apartheid was put into place by the Afrikaner National Party in A) Zaire. B) Algeria. C) Ethiopia. D) South Africa. E) Mozambique.D35
359645019In 1960, sixty-nine blacks were slaughtered in South Africa in the __________ massacre. A) Amritsar B) Sharpeville C) Johannesburg D) Congo E) HomelandB36
359645020Mobutu Sese Seko's coup, in which he killed Zaire's first prime minister, was supported by A) the People's Republic of China. B) the Soviet Union. C) agents of the South African government. D) the Cuban government. E) the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.E37
359645021Which of these organizations has developed into a forum for settling international trade disputes? A) North American Treaty Organization B) Warsaw Pact C) United Nations D) World Trade Organization E) Organization of Petroleum Exporting CountriesD38
359645022The most famous and most strongly integrated regional bloc is A) OPEC. B) ASEAN. C) the European Union. D) NAFTA. E) the Warsaw Pact.C39
359645023OPEC is A) the remnant of the old Communist bloc nations. B) an association of southeast Asian nations. C) a military wing of the United Nations. D) an oil-producing cartel. E) designed to stop the spread of communism.D40
359645024The 1997 agreement at Kyoto was aimed at controlling which of the following threats to the world's environment? A) overpopulation B) the extinction of large numbers of plants and animals C) global warming from the emission of greenhouse gasses D) the threat of nuclear war in central Asia E) the destruction of the rainforests of AfricaC41
359645025The earliest nongovernmental organization was the A) Red Cross. B) International Monetary Fund. C) Greenpeace. D) United Nations. E) European Union.A42
359645026The only countries that transformed their legal systems to fully ensure basic equality for women were A) Islamic countries. B) western European countries. C) Latin American countries. D) communist countries. E) North American countries.D43
359645027China's population policy A) limits couples to one child. B) encourages families to have as many children as possible. C) limits a family's number of children to their income. D) suggests that couples have no more than four children. E) was copied from the successful Indian policy.A44
359645028One unsuspected consequence of China's one-child family rule is A) a precipitous drop in the Chinese population. B) the need to "import" women of a marriageable age. C) the mystery of a half million "missing" girls every year. D) repeated anti-governmental uprisings in the countryside. E) the loophole that allows the Chinese to adopt as many children as they want.C45
359645029Dowry deaths are a major problem facing women in A) India. B) China. C) Saudi Arabia. D) the former Soviet Union. E) Mexico.A46
359645030In 1996 the largest urban area in the world, with a total population of around 27 million, was A) Mexico City. B) Sao Paulo. C) New York City. D) Bombay. E) Tokyo.E47
359645031The speaker in the photo above is A. Vladimir Lenin. B. Joseph Stalin. C. Mikhail Gobachev. D. Gamal Nasser. E. Fidel Castro.E48
359645032Pictured above is A. Vo Nguyen Giap. B. Ho Chi Minh. C. Mao Zedong. D. Deng Xiaoping. E. Jawaharlal Nehru.B49
359645033This picture was taken in 1989. Which of the following would be the most likely location for this demonstration? A. Iran B. India C. Italy D. Indonesia E. South AfricaA50
359675828"We have long proposed to the capitalist world that we compete not in an arms race but in improving the working people's lives. We are confident that capitalism cannot stand up under that kind of competition! We are confident that in the end all peoples will make the correct choice, will give their preference to the truly free world of communism and turn their backs on the so-called "free world" of capitalism." From the tone and information provided in the above quote, which of the following individuals most likely gave this speech? a. Nikita Khrushchev b. Franklin Roosevelt c. Winston Churchill d. Charles DeGaulle e. John F KennedyA51
359675829What is the most likely historical context for the quote above? a. World War b. The Great Depression c. appeasement d. Cold War e. détenteD52
359675830What generalization can be made about the chronology of political independence in Africa? a. The Portuguese were the last to grant independence to their African colonies. b. The French granted independence to all of its sub-Saharan colonies at the same time. c. The longer a sub-Saharan country was a European colony, the later its independence was granted. d. The countries of North Africa achieved independence before those in sub-Saharan Africa. e. all of the aboveD53
359675831All of the following are former republics of the Soviet Union EXCEPT Czechoslovakia. Armenia. Uzbekistan. Belarus. Moldova.A54
35967583255. The three red stars on the map above show locations of major confrontations between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. during the Cold War. headquarters of the NATO nations. headquarters of the Warsaw Pact nations. Soviet nuclear missile sites. important U.S. allies in the Cold War.A55
359675833Henry VIII's reformation in England A) borrowed ideas from the Anabaptists. B) was inspired by John Calvin's theocracy in Geneva. C) ignored Luther and sought accommodation within the Catholic Church. D) made much more profound changes than Luther's reformation. E) was much more politically motivated than Luther's reformation.E56
359675834The religious struggle in Europe between Catholics and Protestants resulted in A) an eventual total Catholic victory. B) a Protestant victory. C) cultural fragmentation into a largely Protestant north and a Catholic south. D) a compromise which limited the power of kings. E) the consolidation of the Holy Roman Empire under papal authority.C57
359675835In the long term, the Columbian exchange A) brought a lasting decline in population because of the ravages of diseases such as smallpox. B) had very little influence on world population figures. C) led to economic instability because of a glut of Chinese silver. D) barely broke even financially. E) increased world population because of the spread of new food crops.E58
359675836Russian merchants and explorers began their expansion into Siberia in the quest for A) gold. B) silver. C) diamonds. D). furs. E) all of the above.D59
359675837The center of Spanish commercial activity in Asia was A) Melaka. B) Bombay. C) Manila. D) Batavia. E) Nagasaki.C60
359675838The country that finished the Seven Years War with global hegemony was A) England. B) Holland. C) Spain. D) Portugal. E) France.A61
359675839Hormuz, Goa and Melaka were all seized in the early 1500s by A) Vasco da Gama. B) Afonso d'Alboquerque. C) Francis Drake. D) Zheng He. E) James CookB62
359675840The Portuguese dominance of trade was dependent on their ability to A) force the native populations to convert to Christianity. B) form alliances with Chinese princes to take advantage of the large Chinese navy. C) force merchant ships to call at fortified trading sites and pay duties. D) conquer territories and bring them permanently into their growing empire. E) take advantage of their huge population to overwhelm their adversaries.C63
359675841In their attempt to control the spice trade in the Indian Ocean the Europeans A) achieved a virtual monopoly. B) formed an alliance with southern Indian princes. C) were never able to displace the Chinese monopoly. D) forced spice traders back to the land-based Silk Roads. E) met with limited success because of a lack of manpower.E64
359675842The profitable merchandise that Vasco da Gama brought back from Asia was A) gold and silver. B) cinnamon and pepper. C) slaves and weapons. D) sugar and cotton. E) silk and porcelain.B65
359675843Lateen sails had the advantage of A) allowing for faster travel than anything available in the Islamic world. B) working better in cross-winds. C) being so colorful that they could be seen from many miles away. D) being able to take full advantage of a wind blowing from behind. E) being cheaper because their basic component was jute.B66
359675844All of the following were reasons for the European interest in finding a maritime trade route EXCEPT A) the spread of the bubonic plague made the silk roads more dangerous. B) Mongol domination had caused trade along the Silk Roads to stop. C) the high prices charged by Muslim merchants. D) the demand in Europe for items such as Indian pepper and Chinese ginger. E) the desire to expand the boundaries of Christianity.B67
359675845The first European nation to dominate trade with Asia was A) England. B) Spain. C) Portugal. D) France. E) Italy.C68
359675846All of the following were motivations for European exploration EXCEPT A) the desire to conquer China and India. B) the search for basic resources. C) the desire to establish new trade routes to Asian markets. D) the desire to spread Christianity. E) the search for lands suitable for cultivation.A69
359675848"Without doubt there is in these lands a very large quantity of gold . . . And also there are stones, and there are precious pearls and infinite spicery . . . And also here there is probably a great quantity of cotton; and I think that it would sell very well here without taking it to Spain but to the big cities belonging to the Grand [Mongol] Khan." What does the quote above reveal about Columbus? That he was partially loyal to the Mongol Khans. That his beliefs, both about the resources and location of the Caribbean Islands, were grossly inaccurate. That he was concerned more about material wealth than about spreading Christianity. That he placed a high priority on establishing friendship with the natives over trading with them. He was barely literate.B70
359675850"To give the monopoly of the home market to the produce of domestic industry, in any particular art or manufacture, is in some measure to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, and must, in almost all cases, be either a useless or a hurtful regulation. If the produce of domestic can be brought there as cheap as that of foreign industry, the regulation is evidently useless. If it cannot, it must generally be hurtful." The quote above is a critique of which economic theory? Mercantilism Laissez-Faire Capitalism Socialism. Communism.A71
359675851"The first object that saluted my eyes when I arrived on the coast was the sea, and a slave ship which was then riding at anchor and waiting for its cargo. These filled me with astonishment, which was soon converted into terror when I was carried on board. I was immediately handled and tossed up . . . by some of the crew, and I was now persuaded that I had gotten into a world of bad spirits and that they were going to kill me." This quote above is most likely from an abolitionist. an African. a freed slave. an autobiography. all of the above.E72
359675852The reconquista was the A) Portuguese trade route around Africa. B) defeat of the Mongols and reestablishment of native Chinese rule in China. C) Ottoman advance into south-eastern Europe. D) Spanish attempt to drive the Muslims from the Iberian Peninsula. E) the Christian attempt to conquer Jerusalem and drive out the Muslims.D73
359675853The last surviving Islamic outpost in Spain was A) Castille. B) Aragon. C) Granada. D) Portugal. E) Baleric Islands.C74
359675854The Dominicans and Franciscans A) were openly criticized because of their wealth. B) helped to finance the crusades. C) attacked materialism and allowed no personal possessions. D) advocated a reconciliation of Christians, Jews, and Muslims. E) were heretical groups persecuted by the Catholic Church.C75
359675855All of the following factors help explain the increased agricultural production of the high middle ages EXCEPT A) the expansion of arable land. B) the end of serfdom in Europe. C) the use of new crops. D) the end of nomadic invasions. E) the introduction of new tools and technology.B76
359675856In medieval Italy the political structure was marked by A) a tightly centralized government. B) a series of city-states and principalities. C) consolidated rule by the popes. D) unification imposed from the outside by the Holy Roman Empire. E) the world's first democracy.B77
359675857After Hugh Capet was crowned king of France in 987, A) he immediately turned France into a powerful, centralized state. B) he was immediately excommunicated by Pope Gregory VII. C) he was eventually overthrown by the Holy Roman Emperor. D) it took centuries for the French kings to build a powerful, centralized state. E) he immediately launched an unsuccessful invasion of Spain.D78
359675858In the late 1200s, Marco Polo visited the court of A) Khubilai Khan. B) Chaghatai Khan. C) Chingis Khan. D) Hung Wu. E) Mansa Musa.A79
359675859Axum was A) the founder of the empire of Ghana. B) the creator god of many African religions. C) the capital of the Swahili city states. D) a Christian kingdom in Ethiopia. E) a Jewish kingdom in Arabia.D80
359675860In regards to gender issues in sub-Saharan Africa, A) the position of women was essentially the same as other societies of the time. B) women played the dominant role in society. C) women played a strictly subservient role. D) women had more opportunities open to them than their counterparts in other societies. E) women were valued for their abilities as mystics and entertainers more than their ability to bear children and keep the home.D81
359675861Just as the kingdoms of West Africa depended upon trans-Saharan trade, the kingdoms of east Africa depended upon A) Nile river trade. B) Indian Ocean trade. C) trans-Atlantic trade. D) Silk Road trade. E) Mediterranean trade.B82
359675862The most powerful kingdom in south-central Africa between 1000 and 1500 was A) Kush. B) Mogadishu. C) Zimbabwe. D) Ghana. E) Mali.C83
359675863The Swahili city-states A) succeeded in unifying Africa for the first time. B) strongly maintained their Christian roots. C) dominated trade along the east African coast. D) became the dominant political and military force in west Africa after the collapse of the Mali kingdom. E) spread their unique blend of Hinduism, Christianity, and Islam throughout AfricaC84
359675864Whose famous pilgrimage to Mecca is remembered for the vast amounts of gold he brought with him? A) Sundiata B) Ibn Battuta C) Koumbi-Saleh D) Mansa Musa E) ZimbabweD85
359675865One of the important factors in the expansion of trans-Saharan trade between 1000 and 1500 was A) the invention of lighter, but still powerful, artillery. B) the use of large caravans of oxen. C) the spread of a common religion. D) the discovery of rivers deep within the Sahara desert. E) the invention of a special saddle for camels.E86
359675866In regards to political structure, the early Bantu societies A) governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups. B) depended upon a strong, centralized kingship. C) developed an elaborate hierarchy of officials. D) were influenced by their trading contacts with Rome. E) were governed by a centralized, theocratic structure.A87
359675867In relation to spreading their language across a huge stretch of Africa, the Bantu played a role similar to that played by the A) Indo-Europeans. B) Mongols. C) Visigoths. D) Xiongnu. E) Cathars.A88
359675868Mali became the wealthiest kingdom in sub-Saharan Africa because of A) its monopoly of the slave trade. B) its alliance with Spain. C) its control of the gold trade. D) its control of the spice trade.C89
359675869Which of the following religions did NOT became popular among the nomadic Turkish tribes? A) Hinduism B) Buddhism C) Nestorian Christianity D) Islam E) ManichaeismA90
359675870Islam reached India by all of the following routes EXCEPT A) conquest by Arabic invaders. B) missionaries sent by the emperor Harsha. C) Islamic merchants. D) migrations from Turkish-speaking peoples from central Asia. E) Both b and d are true.B91
359675871During the Song dynasty A) emperors outlawed the printing of paper money by anyone. B) emperors transferred the printing of paper money from governmental to private control. C) the Chinese economy collapsed because of inflation caused by the printing of paper money. D) the first modern banking industry was established. E) the first paper money printed under government auspices appeared.E92
359675872During the Tang and Song period, the imperial civil service examinations A) declined dramatically in importance. B) were expanded and filled posts with officials of genuine intellectual ability. C) were halted and not restarted until the Ming dynasty. D) were restricted to the wealthier families. E) were conscripted by the foreign Manchus and used to their advantages.B93
359675873The Persian influence on Islam is best seen in A) treatises on mathematics. B) works calling for greater equality for women. C) literary works. D) mythology. E) the fact that the Quran was written in PersianC94
359675874All of the following helped to bring unity to the Islamic world EXCEPT A) the Quran. B) the hajj. C) the sharia. D) the Shi'a. E) the Ka'ba.D95
359675875Justinian's most important and long-lasting political achievement was A) his reconquest of the western half of the Roman empire. B) his democratic reforms. C) his religious compromise between the Roman Catholic and the Greek Orthodox churches. D) his codification of Roman law. E) his establishment of a lasting peace with the Islamic world.D96

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