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Chapter 3 AP US: Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700

AP US chapter 3 studyguide

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the Calvinist doctrine that God had foreordained some people to be saved and some to be damned
in Calvinist doctrine, those who have been chosen by God for salvation
a religious turn to God; personal experience of grace
in Calvinism, those who publicly proclaimed their experience of conversion and were expected to lead godly lives
in Protestantism, the belief that saved individuals have a religious obligation to engage in worldly work
departure from correct or officially defined belief
concerning resistance to or rebellion against the government
an organized civil government or social order united for a shared purpose
absolute or dictatorial rule
nonoviolent action or opposition to authority, often in accord wiht religious or moral beliefs
a place of refuge and security, especially for the persecuted or unfortunate
concerning exclusive legal ownership, as of colonies granted to individuals by the monarch
the granting of citizenship to foreigners or immigrants
laws designed to restrict personal behavior in accord with a strict code of morality
concerning diverse peoples or cultures, specifically those of non-Anglo-Saxon background
religious commitment and devotion
larger and more prosperous economically
only church members could vote for the governor and the General Court
it enjoyed the most complete religious freedom of all the english colonies
disease epidemics
weak and mostly unsuccessful; established "praying towns"
the last major Indian effort to halt New Englanders' encroachment on their lands
providing the first small step on the road to intercolonial cooperation
the Glorious Revolution in England
harshly and undemocratically governed
New Sweden
actively sought settlers from Germany and other non-British countries
New Jersey and Delaware
had more ethnic diversity than either New England or the southern colonies
German monk who began Protestant Reformation
reformer whose religious ideas inspired English Puritans
Wampanoag chieftain who befriended English colonists
small colony that eventually merged into Massachusetts Bay; home to Pilgrams (seperatists)
colony whose government sought to enforce God's law on believers and unbelievers alike; home to Puritans
promoter of Massachusetts Bay as a holy "city upon a hill"
mass flight by religious dissidents from the persecutions of Archbishop Laud and Charles I
representative assembly of Massachusetts Bay
dominant religious group in Massachusetts Bay
relgious group persecuted in Massachusetts and New York by not in Pennsylvania
religious dissenter convincted of the heresy of antinomianism
radical founder of the most tolerant New England colony
indian leader who waged an unsuccessful war against New England's white colonists; pig farmer
conqueror of New Sweden who later lost New Natherland to the English
founder of the most tolerant and democratic of the middle colonies
sixteenth-century religious reform movement begun by Martin Luther
english calvinists who sought a thorough cleansing from within the Church of England
radical calvinists who considered the Church of England so corrupt that they broke with it and formed their own independent churches
the shipboard agreement by the Pilgram Fathers to establish a body of politic and submit to majority rule
puritans' term for their belief that Massachusetts Bay had a special arrangement with God to become a holy society
Charles I's political action of 1629 that led to persecution of the Puritans and the formation of the Massachusetts Bay Company
the two major nonfarming industries of Massachusetts Bay
Anne Hutchinson's heretical belief that the truly saved need not obey human or divine law
common fate of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson after they were convicted of heresy in Massachusetts Bay
villiages where New England Indians who converted to Christianity were gathered
successful military action by the colonies united in the New England Confederation
English revolt that also led to the overthrow of the Dominion of New England in America
River valley where vast estates created an aristocratic landholding elite in New Netherland and New York
required, sworn statements of loyalty or religious belief, resisted by Quakers
common activity in which the colonists engaged to avoid the restrictive, unpopular Navigation Laws

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