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AP World History Unit 1 Test Flashcards

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88356660RomansThe Seleucids were finally defeated in 83 B.C.E. by the
88356661victory of Cyrus over LydiaThe major early turning point in the rise of the Persian Empire was the
88356662Achaemenids, Seleucids, Parthians, SasanidsWhich of the following lists of the Persian empires is correct chronologically?
88356663as a gift from Ahura Mazda that should be enjoyedZarathustra viewed the material world
88356664Angra MainyuZarathustra talked about the battle between the "wise lord" Ahurda Mazda and the evil spirit
88356665ParthianWhich Iranian state followed the Achaemenids and rivaled the Seleucids in greatness?
88356666Arab warriorsThe Sasanids were deafeted in 651 B.C.E. by
88356667DariusThe greatest of the Achaemenid emperors was
88356668Persian administrative unitsSatrapies were
88356669PersepolisThe magnificent capital of the Persian Empire constructed by Darius was
88356670CroesusThe leader of the Lydians who fell to Cyrus was
88356671the view of the material world as a place of temptation that had to be ignoredWhich of the following basic tenets of Zoroastrianism did not influence later religions?
88356672Seleucid EmpireThe empire, comprising most of the old Achaemenid state, that was taken by a general of Alexander the Great was the
88356673DariusThe Persian king who regularized tax levies and standardized laws was
88356674Mithradates IThe greatest Parthian ruler was
88356675MesopotamiansIn organizing their empire, Persian rulers relied heavily on techniques of administration from the
88356676CyrusThe founder of the Achaemenid Empire was
88356677a Persian lossThe battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.E. proved to be
88356678allowed to spread through its own meritsZoroastrianism was
88356679XerxesThe king who failed to follow the normal Persian governing policy of toleration was
88356680Zarathustra's compositionsThe Gathas were
88356681the Royal RoadThe center of the Persian communications networks was
88356682went further than the Persian emperors in their efforts to foster cultural unityThe Qin and Han dynasties
88356683Qin ShihuangdiThe Chinese emperor who was notorious for his hatred of Confucianism and for his burning of books was
88356684the gap between the rich and the poor grew dangerously largeAs the Han dynasty became more powerful and wealthy
88356685Wang Mangcarried out reforms so revolutionary that he is known as the "socialist emperor"
88356686clear and strict lawsShang Yang and Han Feizi hoped to control China's subjects by
88356687DaoismThe philosophy that criticized social activism and, instead, proposed a life of reflection and introspection
88356688human nature is essentially goodAt the heart of Mencius's philosophy was the belief that
88356689Sima Qianthe first great Chinese historian
88356690arose from the proper ordering of human relationshipsConfucius believed that political and social harmony
88356691junziConfucian "superior individuals" who took an active role in public affairs
88356692xiaothe Chinese concept of filial piety, which was central to the family structure
88356693became core texts of traditional Chinese educationThrough the efforts of Confucius, the literary works of the Zhou period
88356694wuweidisengagement from the affairs of the world
88356695DaodejingThe most important text of Daoism
88356696LegalismWhat was the school of philosophical thought that returned order to China after the Period of Warring States?
88356697support of traditional learningWhich one of the following was not one of Qin Shihuangdi's policies?
88356698a continuation of Qin policies of centralizationThe Han philosophy of rule was
88356699establishing an imperial universityIn 124 B.C.E. Han Wudi transformed China by
88356700established the principle of collective responsibilityIn an effort to bring about effective government control, the Legalists
88356701daoChinese philosophers often spoke of the following term, which means "the way"
88356702li-passionWhich of the following Confucian terms and its translations is NOT correct?
88356703Alexander of MacedonIn 327 BCE India was thrown into political chaos by the invasion of
88356704MagadhaThe kingdom that played a leading role in Indian unification, after the withdrawal of Alexander of Macedon, was
88356705BrahminsAncient Indian religion revolved around ritual sacrifices offered by whom?
88356706the fact that they did not recognize social hierarchies based on casteThe greatest contribution of the Jains was
88356707ahismaThe Jains adhered to the principle of nonviolence to other living things or souls, which is expressed in the word
88356708Bhagavad GitaThe Indian work that deals with a dialogue between the warrior, Arjuna, and his charioteer, Krishna, is the
88356709reflected the increasingly materialistic character of Indian societyThe beliefs of the Charvakas
88356710that the gods were figments of the imaginationThe Charvaka sect believed
88356711PersiansThe Indians political scene changed dramatically in 520 BCE when new administrative techniques were introduced after the invasion of the
88356712KalingaThe Mauryan emperor, Ashoka, fought his bloodiest battle against
88356713returned to a series of regional kingdomsAfter the collapse of the Mauryan Empire, India
88356714Chandra GuptaThe year 320 CE saw the creation of the Gupta dynasty by
88356715understanding the rhythms of the monsoon windsThe success and timing of trade, through the Indian Ocean basin, largely depended on
88356716the rise of guilds, which essentially served as jatiOne of the biggest transformation of the caste system during this period was
88356717Hinayana BuddhismTheravada Buddhism is also known as
88356718the common practice of child marriageOne of the most pronounced examples of patriarchal dominance in ancient India was
88356719White HunsThe eventual collapse of the Gupta states was partially caused by an invasion by the
88356720debase the currencyOne of the biggest financial problems of the later Mauryan period was the ruler's decision to
88356721KanishkaThe Kushans in India reached their peak under
88356722AshokaThe high point of Mauryan success came during the reign of
88356723Chandragupta MauryaThe first ruler to unify India was
88356724a series of small kingdomsDuring the time of the Aryans the Indian political landscape was characterized by
88356725MegasthenesAlthough only fragments remain, some of our best information about early Indian history comes from the book, Indika, written by
88356726BuddhismThe boddhisatva is associated with what religion?
88356727leading a balanced and moderate lifeThe Buddha believed that salvation came from
88356728usually consisted of independent, autonomous city statesThe political structure of the ancient Greeks
88356729all Athenian citizensAthenian democracy was open to
88356730SpartaIn which polis did women have the most freedom?
88356731PtolemaicThe wealthiest of the Hellenistic empire was the _____________ empire
88356732PlatoLater Christian scholastic philosophers referred to this man as "the master of those who know"
88356733EpicureansWhich of the Hellenistic philosophers viewed pleasure as the greatest good?
88356734philosopher kingsIn "The Republic", Plato proposed that the true rulers of society should be
88356735Sapphothe most influential female Greek poet
88356736SeleucusThe largest part of Alexander's conquests, essentially the former Achaemenid empire, was taken over by
88356737SalamisThe decisive naval battle of the Persian War was fought at
88356738TheraOf the natural disasters that plagued the Minoans, the most devastating was the volcanic eruption in 1628 BCE on the island of
88356739MinoansThe Mycenaeans received early, indirect influence from the Egyptians and Phoenicians through their contact with the
88356740tyrantWhich of the following words was used the by Greeks to refer to generals or politicians who, although often popular, gained power by irregular means
88356741DionysusWomen were the chief devotees of the Greek god of wine, who was named
88356742honorWhich of the following did Socrates believe was more important than wealth or fame?
88356743PunjabThe easternmost point of Alexander's conquests was
88356744Philip IIBy 338 BCE, the Greeks had fallen to
88356745centralized imperial stateWhich of the following did NOT come about because of Greek colonization?
88356746All of the aboveWhich of the following events occurred during the time if Pericles?
88356747the Seleucid empireOf all the Hellenistic empires, Greek influence was greatest in
88356748Lucius Cornelius SullaThe leader, supported by the Roman aristocrats, who led a slaughter of more than ten thousand of his political enemies
88356749as a Roman citizen Paul had the right to appeal his case in Rome, which he didPaul's case was transferred to Rome because
88356750PersiansThe Roman policy of toleration and respect for conquered peoples was most similar to the
88356751StoicismThe most prominent school of moral philosophy in Rome was
88356752JewsFrom 66 to 70 AD the Romans fought a bloody battle with the
88356753Twelve TablesThe Romans had a long tradition of written law stretching back to 450 BCE and the creation of the
88356754the right of a patrician to transfer out of a plebeian courtAll of the following were the foundations of Roman law with the exception of
88356755ActiumOctavian was able to restore order to the Roman world with his victory in 31 BCE at
88356756favored liberal policies and social reformIn regard to political philosophy, Julius Caesar
88356757enormous plantations worked by slavesLatifundia were
88356758SicilyDuring the Punic Wars, the Romans first fought the Carthaginians over the most important source of grain in the western Mediterranean. Where was is?
88356759dictatorDuring times of crisis the Romans would appoint an official with absolute power known as a
88356760EtruscansDuring its early history, Rome was dominated by the
88356761consulsIn the early stages of the Roman Republic, the patricians elected two
88356762CleopatraThe last of the Ptolemaic rulers was
88356763stimulated the development of the local economies and statesThe Roman conquest of Gaul, Germany, Britain, and Spain
88356764the hearthVesta was the Roman goddess of
88356765MarsZeus was to Jupiter as Ares was to
88356766IslamWhich of the following religions was not popular during the Roman Empire?
88356767a Jewish sect that looked for the appearance of a saviorThe Essenes were
88356768ScipioWho was the Roman general during the Third Punic War?
88356769Pyrinies and AlpasWhat two mountain ranges did Hannibal cross on his way to invade Rome?
88356770corvusWhat naval invention helped the Romans take back their holdings in the Mediterranean in the First Punic War?
88356771NumidiaWhat North African ally kingdom brought Rome into the Third Punic War?
88356772eternal enemy of RomeWhat did Hannibal promise to both Rome and Carthage as a young man?

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