|390127744||American Web||The network of trade that linked parts of the pre-Columbian Americas. Provided a means of exchange for luxury goods and ideas over large areas||1|
|390127745||Black Death||Name given to the massive epidemic that swept Eurasia in the 14th century||2|
|390127746||Bubonic Plague||A highly fatal disease spread by fleas, that devastated the Mediterranean world||3|
|390127747||Borobudur||The largest Buddhism monument anywhere in the world. Example of cultural exchange and syncretism||4|
|390127748||Jie People||A nomadic people who controlled much of Northern China in the third and 4th centuries||5|
|390127749||Ghana, Mali, Songhay||A series of important states that developed in the western and central Sudan, in response to the economic opportunities of trans-Saharan trade||6|
|390127750||Ibn Battuta||A famous Arab scholar, merchant and public official who visited much of the Islamic world in the 14th century||7|
|390127751||Great Zimbabwe||A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast||8|
|390127752||Indian Ocean Trade Network||The world's largest sea-based system of communication and trade before 1500ce||9|
|390127753||Oasis cities of Central Asia||Cities such as Merv, Samarkand, Khotan and Dunhuang that became centers of trans-Eurasian trade||10|
|390127754||Sailendra||a kingdom of central Java that flourished from the 8th century to the 10th century||11|
|390127755||Monsoons||Alternating wind currents that blew eastward across the Indian Ocean in the summer and westward during the winter||12|
|390127756||Pochteca||Professional merchants among the Aztecs||13|
|390127757||Malaysians||Speakers of Austronesian languages from what is now Indonesia who became major traders in Southeast Asia and Madagascar||14|
|390127758||Sudan||A large region of West Africa that became part of a major exchange circuit||15|
|390127759||Sand Roads||the routes of the trans-Saharan trade in Africa||16|
|390127760||Silk Roads||Land based trade routes that linked the distant peoples of Eurasia||17|
|390127761||Swahili Civilization||An East African civilization that emerged in the 8th century from a blending of Bantu, Islamic and other Indian Ocean trade elements||18|
|390127762||Srivijaya||A Malay kingdom that dominated the straits of Malacca between 670 and 1025 ce. Noted for its creation of native/indian hybrid culture||19|
|390127763||Venice||An Italian city that by 1000 ce emerged as a major center of Mediterranean trade||20|
|390127764||trans-Saharan slave trade||A fairly small-scale trade that developed in the 12th century with west African slaves captured in raids being exported across the Sahara for sale mostly as household servants in Islamic North Africa||21|
|390127765||Third-Wave Civilizations||Civilizations that emerged between 500 and 1500 ce and were typified by intensifying trade networks||22|
AP World History Chapter 8 Strayer Flashcards
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