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AP World History Chapter 7 Flashcards

These are the vocab words for Chapter 7 of the book,

World Civilizations
The Global Expierince
AP Edition

Terms : Hide Images
14348877Seljuk Turks...Nomadic invaders from central Asia via Persia; staunch Sunnis; ruled in name of Abbasid caliphs from mid-11th century0
14348878Crusades...Series of military adventures initially launched by Western Christians to free Holy Land from Muslims; temporarily succeeded in capturing Jerusalem and capturing Christian kingdoms; later used for other purposes such as commercial wars and extermination of heresy1
14348879Ulama...Orthodox religious scholars within Islam; pressed for a more conservative and restrictive theology; increasingly opposed to non-Islamic ideas and scientific thinking2
14348880Sufis...Mystics within Islam; responsible for expansion of Islam to southeastern Asia and other regions3
14348881Mongols...Central Asian nomadic peoples; smashed Turko-Persian Kingdoms; captured Baghdad in 1258 and killed last Abbasid caliph4
14348882Mameluks...Muslim slave warriors; established a dynasty in Egypt; defeated the Mongols at Ain Jalut in 1260 and halted Mongol advance5
14348883al-Mahdi...Third of the Abbasid caliphs; attempted to reconcile moderates among Shi'a to Abbasid dynasty; failed to resolve problem of succession6
14348884Harun al-Rashid...Most famous of Abbasid caliphs; renowned for sumptuous and costly living; dependent on Persian advisors early in reign; death led to civil wars over succession7
14348885Buyids...Regional splinter dynasty of the mid-10th century; invaded and captured Baghdad; ruled Abbasid empire under title of Sultan; retained Abbasids as figureheads8
14348886Saladin...Muslim leader in the last decades of the 12th century; reconquered most of the crusader outposts for Islam9
14348887Ibn Khaldun...A Muslim historian; developed concept that dynasties of nomadic conquerors has a cycle of three generations; strong, weak, dissolute10
14348888Shah-Nama...Written by Firdawsi in late 10th and early 11th centuries; relates history of Persia from creation to the Islamic conquests11
14348889al-Ghazali...pioneer of methods of doubt and skepticism; changed course of early Muslim philosophy to one based on cause and effect by God and intermediate angels, known today as occasionalism12
14348890Muhammad ibn Qasim...Arab general; conquered Sind in India; declared the region and the Indus valley to be part of Umayyad Empire13
14348891Mahmud of Ghazni...Third ruler of Turkish slave dynasty in Afghanistan; led invasions of northern India; credited with sacking one of the wealthiest of Hindu temples in northern India; gave Muslims reputation of intolerance and aggressionN14
14348892Mahmud of Ghur...Military commander of Persian extraction who ruled small mountain kingdom in Afghanistan; began process of conquest to establish Muslim political control of northern India; brought much of Indus valley, Sind, and northwestern India under his control15
14348893Qutb-ud-din Aibak...Lieutenant of Mahmud of Ghur; established kingdom in India with capital at Delphi; proclaimed himself Sultan of india16
14348894Mir Bai...Celebrated Hindu writer of religious poetry; reflected openness of bhaktic cults to women17
14348895Kabir...Muslim mystic during 15th century; played down the importance of ritual differences between Hinduism and Islam18
14348896Shrivijaya...Trading empire centered on Malacca Straits between Malaya and Sumatra; controlled trade of empire; Buddhist government resistant to Muslim missionaries; fall opened up southeastern Asia to Muslim conversion19
14348897Chinggis KahnMongral leaeder who conqured part of the Abissid region20
14348898HuleguSon of Chinggis Kahn who conqured Baghdad21
14348899MalaccaA trade town22
14348900DemakThe most important trading port23
14348901lateenthe sail of a dhow24

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