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AP World History Chapter 20 Flashcards

World Civilizations: The Global Experience AP Edition
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229684153The European slave trade out of Africa vastly expanded when......sugar plantations were established on the Atlantic islands and in the Americas.1
229684154The large numbers and high volume of Africans in the slave trade was necessary because......the mortality of slaves was high and their birth rate was low.2
229684155The largest number of enslaved Africans were sent to work in which of the following industries in the 1450-1750 era?sugar3
229684156What was one of the distinguishing features of slavery in Africa?the enslavement of women and children for domestic labor4
229684157What factor allowed Europeans to join in and profit from the commerce in slaves so quickly in the 16th century?the well-established patterns of slavery in Africa prior to the arrival of European traders5
229684158With regard to the slave trade and slavery in Africa, contacts with the Europeans......increased violence and the disruption within African societies.6
229684159What processes occurred within Africa during the early modern period as a result of the influences of Islam and Western civilization?-political reorganization, both in Saharan and sub-Saharan Africa -integration of African cultures and communities into the New World economy -increased religious conversion, both to Islam and various forms of Christianity -significant and permanent social change7
229684160The Portuguese solidified commercial and cultural contacts in Africa through the creation of factories, which were...forts and trading posts with resident merchants.8
229684161Intensive production of which commodity greatly increased the importance of the slave trade for Portugal and Spain?sugar9
229684162All of these areas were major importers of African slaves EXCEPT...British North America.10
229684163Which European nation became a major player in the slave trade after seizing the important factory center at El Mina in 1637?Holland11
229684164What occupations did slaves perform throughout African societies prior to the inception of the European and Islamic slave systems?-servants and concubines -administrators -agricultural laborers -soldiers12
229684165Increased European presence and influence led to the rise of several new states in west and central Africa that based their power on control of which two commodities?slaves and firearms13
229684166On Zanzibar off the east African coast, Swahili, Indian, and Arab merchants adopted the European slave plantation system to cultivate which commodity crop?cloves14
229684167Which Nguni chiefdom's powerful military and political structure became a source of inspiration and fear for surrounding communities between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries?Zulu15
229684168Slaves in the New World confronted difficulties forming families due to which circumstances?-family members faced with the threat of separation at any time -difficult and exhausting working conditions -short and uncertain life spans -general shortages of female slaves16
229684169Although similar in many ways in their relationship to the emerging world system, which African circumstances differed sharply from those prevalent in Latin America during the early modern period?Africa remained independent of outside political control, and most cultural development was autonomous.17
229684170Which African kingdom first converted to Christianity through the efforts of Portuguese missionaries?Kongo18
229684171What patterns of contact, established by the Portuguese, became standard for all European powers throughout the early modern period?-predominantly commercial relations -alliances with local rulers -systems of fortified trading stations -combinations of force and diplomacy19
229684172What type of African slaves was most prevalent in the trans-Saharan slave trade?young women20
229684173An Indies piece was......a Spanish term for the commercial value of a healthy male slave.21
229684174Internal instability and competition for European and Islamic trade led to the rise of which professional cohort throughout central and west Africa between 1500 and 1750 C.E.?soldiers and military commanders22
229684175Which new empire, based on the Gold Coast, used a golden stool as its symbol of power and cultural unity?Asante23
229684176What forces encouraged Bantu tribes to move southward toward the southern tip of Africa throughout the eighteenth century C.E.?-diverse patterns of political organization that led to the splitting of lineages to form new villages, which in turn encouraged southward migration -increased competition for land due to population growth -desire to acquire access to fertile coastal regions suitable for herding and grazing -competition over access to Portuguese and other European coastal trading stations24
229684177The Middle Passage was......the traumatic slave journey across the Atlantic from Africa to the New World.25
229684178The most successful example of African-American slave resistance and rebellion occurred in......Suriname.26
229684179Nzinga Mvemba brought which kingdom to Christianity?Kongo27
229684180A central element to Portuguese production was...slavery28
229684181The first slaves were brought to Portugal in...144129
229684182Between 1450 and 1850, _______ slaves were shipped across the Atlantic.12 million30
229684183The Caribbean islands were dedicated to _______ production.sugar31
229684184By the seventeenth century, ________ was the largest supplier of slaves.west central Africa32
229684185Which of the following aided Africa in regaining some of its lost population during slave trade?the introduction of new crops33
229684186Some historians argue the profit of the slave trade inadvertently led to the...industrial revolution34
229684187In the Muslim faith,......the enslavement of nonbelievers was acceptable.35
229684188During the seventeenth century, the kingdom of Dahomey created an autocratic empire due to access to...firearms36
229684189Who preached a jihad against the Hausa kings?Usuman Dan Fodio37
229684190A Boer refers to......a Dutch farmer in South Africa.38
229684191Shaka of the Zulus was assassinated in......1828.39
229684192Which of the following is NOT true regarding the Middle Passage?The Middle Passage usually stripped slaves of their religious beliefs.40
229684193The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a slave trade.true41
229684194A saltwater slave refers to a native Africa slave.true42
229684195The Asante people used peaceful tactics in order to expand their empire.false43
229684196Virginia and the Carolinas imported more slaves than the Caribbean and Brazil.false44
229684197The Europeans abhorred African art.false45
229684198Control of the slave trade generally reflected the politics in Europe.true46
229684199France was the key proponent for the end of slave trade.false47
229684200The Boers embarked on the Great Trek in order to be free of government interference.true48
229684201The slave trade negatively impacted both the east and west coasts of Africa.false49
229684202The slave population in the southern United States never grew due to climate.false50

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