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AP US History Chapter 36

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159707631HardingPresident in 1820
159707632Ohio GangHarding's "advisors" who played poker, drank, and smoked with him in the White House, involved in numerous scandals
159707633Charles Evan HughesRepublican governor of NY and Secretary of State under Harding
159707634Andrew MellonSecretary of Treasury under Harding, previously Pittsburgh aluminum king
159707635Herbert HooverSecretary of Commerce under Harding, previously wartime food administrator; an energetic businessmen and engineer
159707636Albert B. FallSenator of New Mexico, anticonservatist; Secretary of the Interior under Harding
159707637Adkins v. Children's HospitalCourt ruled that women were now the legal equals of men and could no longer be protected by special legislation
159707638Esch-Cummins Transportation Act of 1920Act that encouraged private consolidation of the railroads and pledge the ICC to guarantee their profitability
159707639Merchant Marine Act of 1920Act authorizing the Shipping board, which controlled about fifteen hundred vessels, to dispose of the hastily built wartime fleet at bargain-basement prices
159707640Railway Labor BoardSuccessor body to the wartime labor boards; ordered a wage cut of 12% in 1922, provoking a two-month strike
159707641DaughteryAttorney General in 1922; clamped on strikers one of the most sweeping injunctions in American history
159707642Veterans' BureauFederal bureau created in 1921 to provide hospitals and services to disabled veterans
159707643American LegionFounded in 1919 by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt to renew old hardships and let off steam in good-natured horseplay; later known for militant patriotism, conservatism, and antiradicalism
159707644Adjusted Compensation ActAct giving each former soldier a paid-up insurance policy due in twenty years, adding $3.5 billion to the cost of WWI
159707645Washington Conference1921 Conference of major powers to reduce naval armaments among Great Britain, Japan, France, Italy, and the United States
159707646Five-Power Naval TreatyBritain, France, Italy, Japan, and the U.S. were bounded to preserve the status quo in the Pacific (Ignore Italy actually :[ ) February 1922
159707647Nine-Power TreatyTreaty in 1922 that was essentially a reinvention of the Open Door Policy; all members to allow equal and fair trading rights with China; nine total members; February 1922
159707648Four-Power TreatyTreaty between Britain, Japan, France and United States preserved the status quo in Pacific; December 1921
159707649KelloggCoolidge's Secretary of State; Nobel Peace Prize winner for a pact made in 1929 (Last name only)
159707650Fordney-McCumber Tariff LawLaw passed in 1922 where Congress raised the tariff from 27% to 38.5%
159707651ForbesColonel who in 1923 resigned as head of the Veterans' Bureau after looting the government to about $200 million for veterans' hospitals (Last name only)
159707652Teapot Dome scandalAffair involving two naval oil reserves where the Secretary of the Interior transfered these valuable properties to the Interior Department
159707653Elk HillsThe second naval oil reserve involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal located in California (the first naval oil reserve is in Teapot Dome, Wyoming)
159707654Albert B. FallSecretary of the Interior under Harding
159707655DenbySecretary of the Navy under Harding
159707656Sinclair and DohenyTwo oilmen involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal
159707657CoolidgeTook over when Harding died in San Francisco of pneumonia and thrombosis on August 2, 1923
159707658Capper-Volstead ActExempted farmers' marketing cooperatives from anti-trust prosecution
159707659McNary-Haugen BillBill that sought to keep agricultural prices high by having the government buy surpluses to sell abroad, vetoed twice by Coolidge
159707660CoolidgeRepublican presidential nominee in 1924 election
159707661John W. DavisWealthy corporation lawyer and Democratic presidential nominee in 1924 election
159707662La FolletteSocialist presidential nominee in 1924 election
159707663NicaraguaCoolidge removed troops from here in 1925 but sent them back a year later where they stayed until 1933
159707664MexicoAmerican oil companies desired a military expedition here when the Mexican government tried to assert its sovereignty over oil resources
159707665Ruhr ValleyFrance sent troops here in order to extort lagging reparations payments from Germany
159707666480 million marksThe price of a loaf of bread in October 1923 in Germany; Toy has said this number how many times?
159707667Dawes PlanRescheduling of German payments in 1924 for the cost of WWI and allowed for private loans to Germany; merry-go-round
159707668Finland"honest little ______"; love this country, it struggled along making payments until the last of its debt was erased in 1976
159707669Alfred E. SmithFour-time governor of New York and Democratic presidential nominee in 1928
159707670Herbert HooverStanford University graduate from Iowa and Oregon who became the Republican presidential nominee in 1928
159707671planned economyAn economy in which government directs the use of national resources and regulates the economy to achieve both goals and stability.
159707672Agricultural Marketing ActThis act lent money to farmers to help them organize producers' cooperatives
159707673Federal Farm BoardAgency created by the Agricultural Marketing ct; it lent out money to farm organizations seeking to buy, sell, and store agricultural surpluses
159707674Grain Stabilization/ Cotton Stabilization CorporationTwo corporations created to bolster sagging prices by buying up surpluses; suffocated by an avalanche of farm produce
159707675Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930Raised the tariff to 60% becoming the nation's highest protective tariff during peacetime
159707676Black Tuesday16.4 million shares of stocks were sold in a scramble on this day because speculators dumped their insecurities and others followed in group psychology. Hah. psychology.
159707677Mississippi ValleyA drought here in 1930 forced thousand of farms into auctions
159707678Hoover blanketsAnother term for old newspapers in areas hit hard by depression
159707679HoovervillesShanty towns where the homeless and unemployed fought over garbage cans and cooked their findings in oil-drums
159707680Hoover DamHuge construction project from 1931 to 1935 that provided much needed jobs to the southwest; built on Colorado River
159707681Muscle Shoals BillBill designed to dam the Tennessee River, vetoed by Hoover because he opposed the government's selling electricity in competition with private companies
159707682Reconstruction Finance CorporationAgency designed to provide indirect relief by assisting insurance companies, banks, agricultural organizations, railroads, and state and local governments
159707683Pump-primingTerm for the spending of government funds in commercial enterprises to stimulate the national economy (Herbert Hoover)
159707684Norris - La Guardia Anti-Injunction ActAct passed in 1932 that outlawed contracts and forbade the federal courts to issue injunctions to restrain strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing
159707685Bonus Expeditionary ForceGroup of WWI veterans who demanded a premature payment of the deferred bonus voted by Congress in 1924, payable in 1945
159707686Bonus ArmyAnother name for the Bonus Expeditionary Force
159707687Douglas MacArthurGeneral who evicted the Bonus Expeditionary Force with tear gas and bayonets
159707688Battle of Anaconda FlatsSo-called battle between the Bonus Expeditionary Force and the army under MacArthur. I'm getting sleepy.
159707689ManchuriaJapan's center of attacks in China; Japan overran the area and bolt shut the Open Door in this area
159707690GenevaMeeting place of the League in response to Japan's taking of Manchuria
159707691Henry StimsonSecretary of State under Hoover that said that the US wouldn't interfere with a League embargo
159708366Stimson doctrineHoover's Secretary of State said the US would not recognize territorial changes resulting from Japan's invasion of Manchuria
159707692Good Neighbor policyHerbert Hoover created a policy in South America. What is this policy? :D
159707693HaitiHoover negotiated with this republic in 1932 and provided for the complete withdrawal of American troops in 1934
159707694NicaraguaHoover withdrew troops from this region in 1933. Hurrah
159708367farm blocBipartisan voting sector from the agricultural states; it sprouted up in Congress in 1921 and drove through laws such as the Capper-Volstead Act and the McNary-Haugen Bill. Yay Carly! I missed this term
1597119525-5-3The ratio of battleships and aircraft carriers in America, Britain, and japan
159711953wheat beltAreas of the U.S. Great Plains region where wheat farming is important; including the Dakotas, Nebraska and Kansas,
159711954yanquis imperialismThe new U.S. expansion into Latin America through economic neocolonialism; termed by angry South Americans
159711955Marian AndersonFirst African-American to perform at the White House; the DAR refused her use of Constitution Hall for a concert, so Eleanor Roosevelt set her up to perform at the Lincoln Memorial.
159711956Aretha FranklinFamous singer and songwriter; known as Queen of Soul; she won 15 Grammy's and sang "America the Beautiful" at Obama's Inauguration in 2009

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