|Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement|
|services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses|
|the area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered|
|a market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area|
|a theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther|
|a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland|
|a rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement|
|businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and personal services|
|a rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages|
|a community's collection of basic industries|
|the process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century|
|a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service|
|the area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services|
|industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community|
|the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement|
|a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement|
|services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses|
|the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service|
|a pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement|
|an activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it|
|a permanent collection of buildings where people reside, work, and obtain services|
|the minimum number of people needed to support the service|
AP Human Geography Chapter 12
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