Explain the major causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917
1. All of the teachings show you a way to connect with something outside of this daily world. For all of these major religions, something must be given up or followed in order to reach something greater. They also are all a way to improving who you are whether you do it in a community or you seek God all on your own. Jews see improvement through the Old Testament laws of the community.
The Mandate of Heaven,?Selections from the Shu Jing (The Classic of History) (6th Cent. BCE)
The Precepts of Ptah-Hotep, c. 2200 BCE
Shijing (The Book of Songs) is the earliest collection of Chinese poems including 305 poems of the Zhou Dynasty (1122-256 B.C.). It was originally called Shi (Poems) and Shi Sanbai (Three Hundred Poems). It was the Confucians of the Han Dynasty who gave it the name Shijing.
?The Code of the Assura, c. 1075 BCE
Excerpts from the Code of the Assyrians.
I.2. If a woman, whether the wife of a man or the daughter of a man, utter vulgarity or indulge in low talk, that woman bears her own sin; against her husband, her sons, or her daughter they shall have no claim.
The Babylonian Creation Myth ?
?This poem was written in the 12th century BC, but the myths on which it was based date back to ancient Sumer. The most complete text was found on seven clay tablets. Below is a translation from Tablet IV which tells of the great battle between the sky god Marduk and the earth goddess Tiamat.
?1 By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept ????when we remembered Zion. ?2 There on the poplars ????we hung our harps, ?3 for there our captors asked us for songs, ????our tormentors demanded songs of joy; ????they said, ?Sing us one of the songs of Zion!?
Proverbs from Ki-en-gir (Sumer), c. 2000 BCE
1. Whoever has walked with truth generates life.
2. Do not cut off the neck of that which has had its neck cut off.
3. That which is given in submission becomes a medium of defiance.
4. The destruction is from his own personal god; he knows no savior.
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Selected Proverbs of Ahikar The Wise
Hear, O my son Nadan, and come to the understanding of me, and be mindful of my words, as the words of God.
My son Nadan, if thou hast heard a word, let it die in thy heart, and reveal it to no man; lest it become a hot coal in thy mouth and burn thee, and thou lay a blemish on thy soul, and be angered against God.
Lagash and Umma were two Sumerian cities located 18 miles apart. These documents were found on clay cylinders and date from about 2500 BC At the time of the events recorded here, Entemena is king of Lagash. His uncle, Eannatum, had been king earlier and was responsible for the treaty with Lagash mentioned in these documents.
Chapter 1: Nature, Humanity, and History: The First Four Million Years
The Earth and Its Peoples
The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000-500 B.C.E.
Copyright ? Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Chapter 1 From the Origins of Agriculture to the first Early River Valley Civilizations
Stone Age- 2 million to 4 thousand years ago
Stone age is subdivided into the Paleolithic age (old stone age to 10,000 years ago) and the Neolithic Age (New Stone Age)
Stone tools are developed in the Paleolithic Age
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