(1939 ﾖ 1945) A war fought in Europe, Africa and Asia between the Allied Powers of Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States against the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Change and Turning Points
(1914 ﾖ 1918) European war in which an alliance including Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States defeated the alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria.
Jewish nationalist movement to establish a homeland in Palestine. This movement began in the late 1800s, as anti-Semitic feelings intensified in Europe. The main leader of this movement was a journalist by the name of Theodor Herzl. Herzl's dream of a homeland for Jewish peoples was realized in 1948 with the creation of Israel.
Nationalistic movement that wanted to end foreign control of Italy. Started in 1831 by Giuseppe Mazzini.
A trade union among other German states formed by Prussia in the 1930s.
(1676-1745) British statesman, and first Prime Minister from 1721 to 1742.
To adopt western ideas and culture.
British philosopher and writer Adam Smithﾑs 1776 book that described his theory on free trade, otherwise known as laissez-faire economics.
An international defense alliance between the Soviet Union and many of its Eastern European satellite states as a response to NATO. Formed in 1955.
Lowest class in most social class systems, including factory workers, miners, and others.
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