Columbus, The Indians, and Human Progress
Columbus Arrives at the Americas
Goal was to sail to Indies and Asia
Expected to find lots of Gold and Spices
Believed there were fields of gold that could be found there
Financed by Spain
Arawak people of the Bahama Islands greeted Columbus with food and gifts
?willingly traded everything they owned?
Tindall Ch 4 outline
The Imperial Perspective
English Administration of the colonies
English colonies had some degree of self-governance, so they had a sense of more rights.
English civil war from 1642-1646 also gave the colonies a break from royal control.
In 1651-1663, three Navigation Acts were passed, restricting the colonies? trade to just England.
Persons of Mean and Vile Condition
Began with a conflict over how to deal with the Indians
Poorer whites were pushed to settle at the frontier, closer to the Indians
This provided a buffer between elite whites and Indians
Poorer whites wanted to get rid of the Indians
Drawing the Color Line
Racism was extremely important to the United States
The settlement of Jamestown needed laborers
Corn was needed for food and to live
Tobacco was needed to export and make money
Indians couldn?t be forced to work for the white settlers
Indians at this time far outnumbered white settlers
Tindall Ch 9 Outline
The Early Republic
3/4/1801, Thomas Jefferson was the first president inaugurated at Washington D.C.
In his inaugural address, he asked for unity between Republicans and Federalists.
Jefferson in Office
Tindall Ch 8 Outline
The Federalist Era
A New Nation
Population in 1790 was around 4 million.
South was agricultural, still had slaves and exported tobacco and cotton.
First National census in 1790 showed 750,000 African Americans, with over 90 percent in the South.
Indians continued to provide trouble and refuse to acknowledge American authority.
Tindall Ch7 Outline
Shaping a Federal Union
Congress within the confederation had very little power to do anything.
Was still able to negotiate the Treaty of Paris in 1783 and created three departments, Foreign Affairs, Finance, and War.
Robert Morris, superintendent of Finance created the Bank of North America (1781).
Tindall Ch6 Outline
The American Revolution
1776: Washington?s Narrow Escape
British landed in Staten island on 7/2/1776 with 32,000 men, compared to Washingtons? force of 19,000 defenders.
When morale became low, Thomas Paine wrote The American Crisis to boost morale.
Tindall Ch 10 outline
Nationalism and Sectionalism
After the War of 1812 Madison strengthens government and national power.
In 1816, created a new National Bank chartered fro twenty years.
Started creating a National Road from the Atlantic Coast to Ohio in 1815.
1988 Released Exam
Directions: Each of the following questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case and then blacken the corresponding space on the answer sheet.
Guizen Del Canto
AP US History
The American People:?Creating a Nation and a Society
Chapter 19: Politics & Reform
Politics in the Gilded Age
Politics, Parties, Patronage, and Presidents
Problems with theArticles of Confederation
No executive branch to enforce laws or court system to interpret laws
Legislative Congress was only entity of national government, but had no power to force states to do anything
Control of taxes and tariffs was left to the states
Each state had its own currency
History 7B: United States History Since 1865
Prof. Heupler?s class Week #3 Agenda 01/28/14
Chapter 18: A Troubled Nation Expands Outward
Agrarian unrest and urban unrest
The Farmer?s Alliance and the rise of the People?s Party (Populists ? read excerpts from party platform)
1. Permanent perpetual unions
Key Events & Battles, French & Indian War
British defeated at Ft. Duquesne
Western Pennsylvania (present-day Pittsburgh)
Gen. Braddock's force of 1450 men surrounded and defeated by Indian and French-Canadian forces
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